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Authored by Marjorie McAtee and can also be found here: http://is.gd/9e1uDX
Musk fragrance is a type of perfume usually made from musk, an animal product long used to make perfumes and scents. The use of musk in fragrance is believed to have begun more than 1,300 years ago in China. The main component of musk fragrance is traditionally derived from the scent glands of the musk deer or the dwarf musk deer, two species indigenous to India and China respectively. Non-animal sources of a musk-like fragrance include seeds from the plants Musk Dana and Hibiscus Abelmoschus. Musk is generally used to make perfumes, either to form part of the scent bouquet or as a fragrance fixative, and it is sometimes used therapeutically in Chinese medicine.
Many who enjoy musk fragrance consider it mysterious, exotic, and alluring. Musk fragrance forms the top note in many perfumes and scented creams, lotions, and soaps. Musk is also often used as a fixative to draw the blended scents of a lighter, more floral fragrance together. Synthetic musk may be used in some perfumes, and others use musk derived from plant sources. Many of the fragrance industry's highest quality scents, however, continue to use authentic musk extracted from the glands of musk deer.
The musk deer and dwarf musk deer are relatively small animals that normally inhabit the mountains of Asia. They can reach heights of about 1.6 feet (0.5 meters) tall, and do not usually have antlers. The males of the species possess a unique scent gland that may weigh up to 1.05 ounces (30 grams). These glands produce a powerfully aromatic musk, and both species of deer have historically been hunted almost to extinction in order to obtain musk. Today, musk fragrance is most often obtained from farmed deer.
Fragrances of all types have been popular throughout most of history. Early fragrances often consisted mostly of essential oils that were rubbed on the skin or applied to clothing and accessories. Eau de cologne is believed to have appeared on the scene in the 1700s, giving fragrance enthusiasts an alternative to unguent fragrances. Synthetic fragrances and sophisticated scent blending are believed to have occurred alongside advances in chemistry in the 1800s. Musk fragrance has often been combined with popular floral and other scents, such as mint, to create sophisticated blended perfumes.
In addition to its cosmetic use as a perfume, musk is also believed to have therapeutic properties in Chinese medicine. It is believed to help treat allergies and other inflammatory disorders. It may also act as a stimulant, and has been used to relieve fatigue and weakness.
For all your fragrance needs, check out our women's fragrance page.
Authored by Anna T. and can also be found here: http://is.gd/qzCu8q
The main difference between perfume and cologne is related to scent strength. Perfumes are generally much stronger than colognes and usually contain a very high concentration of essential oils mixed into bases of alcohol. Colognes also contain essential oils and alcohol, but in much smaller amounts. For this reason, perfumes tend to last longer than colognes because not as much is needed to maintain the scent throughout the day. People often apply colognes in larger amounts because the smell generally does not linger for more than a few hours.
People often believe that the main difference between perfume and cologne is gender related. Many people are under the impression that cologne is designed for men, while perfume is intended for women to use. There are actually perfumes and colognes made for both men and women, but it does seem that fragrances for men are typically in the form of colognes. Men often prefer more subtle scents, and this may be why colognes are a popular choice for them. Women tend to enjoy using fragrances with more pronounced scents that linger for most of the day, which may explain why they often prefer to use perfumes.
Another difference between perfume and cologne is cost. In general, perfumes are much more expensive than colognes, and this is probably because there are more essential oils used in them. Essential oils are typically not considered inexpensive, and the more of these a fragrance contains, the more costly it is likely to be. In spite of the higher cost, perfume may actually be a better value than cologne because it usually takes longer to go through. A small bottle of highly concentrated scent might last twice as long as a bottle of cologne that is twice as big because not as much of it is needed.
Perfume and cologne are generally not used in the same manner. Most perfumes are made to be sprayed onto the skin from a distance, while colognes are usually rubbed into the skin or splashed on. Perfumes aren't intended to be used in large amounts because of the strength of the scents, and too much can occasionally cause physical symptoms such as headaches, sneezing, and even nausea. The symptoms of using too much perfume are also something a person should keep in mind when she is around others because some people are extremely sensitive to fragrances. Cologne may be used much more liberally than perfume because it isn't as strong, but it's still important to avoid using too much.
Authored by Nicky Sutton and can also be found here: http://is.gd/fqLgZc
Choose the best designer perfume by visiting your local perfume store and discussing the types of scents you prefer. Perfumes are created with different scent elements such as citrus, oceanic or leather, and the store assistant will be knowledgeable on which designer perfumes contain your favorite elements. Consider the occasion or time of day you wish to wear your designer perfume and how much you are willing to pay.
Visit your local perfume store and ask to try some designer perfumes. Try only three or four perfumes during your visit because your sense of smell becomes desensitized with the more scents you try. Smelling more than four perfumes can result in each scent seeming similar. Visit the perfume store again another time when your sense of smell is clear, if you cannot choose your perfume quickly.
To minimize the number of perfumes you try at the perfume store, gain an idea of the designers you like before you go. When you smell a scent that you like on another person, ask them what perfume they are wearing. Note down the brands and designers that they tell you, and take them along to the perfume store.
Designer perfume is available with many different elements to scents. A floral bouquet is a perfume made of a combination of several different floral scents. Single floral is the scent of only one flower, such as a rose. Woody perfume has tones of wood, for example, cedar or agar wood. Citrus scents like lemon or lime are fresh and delicious.
Pay attention to different elements of scents such as sweetness, freshness and muskiness, and decide on your favorites. Think about whether you prefer a modern oceanic style or a more traditional floral scent. Revisit your existing perfume collection to investigate the elements you have chosen in the past. Your choice also depends on the occasion or time of day you wish to wear your designer perfume. Lighter scents are often preferred in the daytime, and heavier, more alluring scents are suitable for the evening.
Tell the perfume store assistant which elements of scents make up the perfect designer perfume for you. They will be knowledgeable about designer perfumes and the different ranges of scents available. Let the store assistant know how much you are willing to spend on a perfume or cologne before they offer scents for you to choose from.
You can use paper tester strips to test perfume or cologne in store, as these prevent you from smelling of a range of different scents when you leave the store. Preferably, you should test the designer perfume on your own skin if you are buying it for yourself, because each person’s skin is different. Do not wear your own perfume to the perfume store as it will interfere with your sense of smell and your ability to choose a perfume.
For all your fragrance needs, check out our women's fragrance range here.
Authored by Carol Luther and can also be found here: http://is.gd/JXgLOB
The making of perfumes is an art that has endured throughout history. The majority of the world's fragrances rely on essential oils extracted from the leaves, roots or fruits of plants. Vetiveria zizanioides is a grassy plant that has a fragrant essential oil in its roots. Vetiver perfumes blend this oil with additional scents to create a longer-lasting fragrance.
The vetiver plant is native to India and the Bengal region, where its practical purpose was preventing erosion. The fast-growing grass has traveled to the Caribbean and other semi-tropical regions of the Americas, including the state of Louisiana. The French, renowned for making perfume, also encouraged the cultivation of vetiver in Haiti, La Reunion and Java. These countries are among the largest vetiver plant producers in the world as of 2011.
The vetiver plant has large rhizomes that make up its root system. This is the only part of the plant that contains the essential oils used to make vetiver perfumes. Vetiver's natural aroma is similar to the citronella oil commonly used in insect repellent products. It also has woody, earthy tones and a sweet undertone that resembles the fabled myrrh.
In India, people used the extracted oil for scenting clothing and linen. In its earliest forms, the vetiver perfumes created in India featured the single note or aroma of the plant's essential oil. Modern perfumery techniques combine fragrant oils to produce fragrances. The perfume's scent has three parts: the top note, the middle note and the base note. Vetiver perfumes most often employ vetiver oil as a base note or as a fixative, which helps the multiple notes of a fragrance last longer.
A few fragrance companies have used vetiver oil as their prominent middle note, marketing these vetiver perfumes as masculine scents. One popular vetiver perfume for men has lemon as its top note and combines tobacco and vetiver in its middle note. Women’s vetiver perfumes that have vetiver oil as a prominent note may have top notes of hazelnut, musk or citrus to soften the vetiver scent.
Vetiver perfumes that include the plant's name in the brand are often among the world's leading and most expensive brands. Demand for vetiver oil also keeps the price high, because the majority of the world's perfumes contain this oil. Perfume-making countries import vetiver oil from producing countries to make vetiver perfumes. The importation of the oil makes the market price higher than that of essential oils extracted from plants that have a greater cultivation range.
For all your men's perfumes, check out our men's page here.
Authored by B. Miller and can also be found here: http://is.gd/WNWysi
Choosing perfumes for women can be a challenging yet enjoyable task. It is best to begin by sniffing a few sample perfumes or asking a salesperson for help in selecting perfumes that include a favorite scent, or one that has a stronger scent or a more delicate one depending on preference. Then, spraying one or two favorite perfumes on the wrist and giving them some time to interact with body chemistry can help to narrow down the choice, since some perfumes can smell great in the bottle, but have a drastic change once they are sprayed on the skin. Though some people want to purchase perfumes for women as gifts, it can be difficult unless the woman already has a favorite brand because perfume is such a personal choice.
When attempting to select perfumes for women, it is best to try a few different ones, but not all at the same time. Spray one on one wrist, and one on the other, for example, and then stop. It is best not to rub the perfume in, but simply to let it sit on the skin, and then walk away from the perfume counter. Give the scent a couple of hours to react to the body; it may have an initial reaction that smells good, but after a few hours that might change. Since perfume is worn all day, it is important that the scent stays pleasant throughout the day.
Only after a scent has remained on the skin all day, and is still pleasing and gives off the desired fragrances, should it be purchased. This will help to save money and prevent purchasing perfume that will never be used. When in doubt, ask for help at the perfume counter. Salespeople will ideally be able to take a list of an individual's favorite scents, whether they are floral scents, food scents such as vanilla, or outdoorsy smells such as cut grass, and identify the best perfumes for women that resemble these scents.
Identifying favorite scents such as these can also help to narrow down the type of perfume that is desired. A heavier, more classic perfume scented with spices, woodsy scents, or distinctive floral elements might be a good date or evening choice. On the other hand, a more delicate blend of lighter floral scents or citrus might be better for daytime, or a vanilla scent for an everyday perfume, for example. When choosing the best perfumes for women it is also important to consider the type of perfume, which will indicate the amount of essential oils or extracts in the bottle. Perfume or eau de parfum have much higher concentrations, and are therefore much more expensive, than eau de toilette or body sprays.
For all your perfume needs, check out our women's perfume page.
Authored by Patti Kate and can also be found here: http://is.gd/GRuYfb
Buying expensive perfumes doesn't necessarily ensure you'll prefer the scent over that of lower-priced fragrances. Some costly perfumes offer exotic ingredients, however. The quality of some expensive perfumes may also be better than that of cheap colognes. The decision of whether to spend a lot of money on expensive perfumes should be weighed carefully.
It might be worth spending more money for expensive perfumes, if the user is sensitive to certain ingredients. Some of the high-cost fragrances are made with natural or organic oils, making them less likely to cause irritation. Synthetic ingredients found in some cheap fragrances may cause skin rashes or other reactions. For someone who has sensitivity issues, buying expensive perfume may be worth the cost.
It's wise to weigh the pros and cons of purchasing expensive perfumes. Some experts believe wearing expensive fragrances is a waste of money, as the concentrated formula simply does not create the desired effect. Many of the high-priced perfumes are created by mixing fragrant oils together. The fusion of several scents may be overbearing to some. Others believe, however, this helps define the essence of human pheromones.
These factors may not be relevant to everyone who prefers expensive perfume. Some people buy expensive perfumes simply for the decorative bottles they come in. Buying expensive designer fragrances, or designer clothing and accessories, may be a hobby for some. Some people enjoy collecting expensive perfumes, just as others collect porcelain. For collectors of exotic fragrances, it is worth the price.
Very expensive perfume may be packaged in a limited-edition bottle. Many of these expensive perfumes are bottled in delicate crystal. Some manufacturers issue a series of collectible bottles. Some bottles may be made with gold plating, making the perfume more desirable for some. Collectors find buying these high-end perfumes to be a worthwhile hobby.
Additionally, expensive fragrances may be custom made for the discriminating collector. Some collectors request various custom bottle designs. It is not uncommon for celebrities to request custom designed bottles to reflect their taste.
Buying an expensive perfume as a unique gift to present to a special recipient can often be worth the cost. For special occasions, it may be worth the money to indulge in a bottle of costly perfume. For those who find it impractical to buy very expensive fragrances, there is an alternative. A favorite fragrance may be purchased at a lower cost in a spray cologne, rather than a perfume bottle.
For all our selection of perfumes, check out our all-fragrances page.
Authored by Jane Harmon and can also be found here: http://is.gd/WMqP5J
Perfume is a scented liquid worn on the skin to impart a pleasant odor. Originally intended to mask unpleasant body odors, perfume today is worn to entice the opposite sex, to make a personal statement, or simply to please the wearer. Perfume is made up of animal and plant-based aromatic compounds, dissolved in a mixture of alcohol and water. The amount of scented matter to solvent determines whether the blend is a perfume or a cologne. The aromatic portion can be botanical essential oils, animal musks oils, or nowadays, synthetic scents derived from various chemicals.
The highest proportion of scent is found in true 'perfume' - anywhere from 25 to 40% is pure scent. Pure perfume is rarely sold, since it is prohibitively expensive and, frankly, far too easy to 'overdo'. Most consumers are more familiar with eau du parfum, which is 15-30% aromatics.
Eau du Cologne and toilet water are more lightly scented perfume products. Originally, Eau du Cologne referred to a specific citrus-floral blend made in Cologne, Germany, which had a lighter scent and could be applied more liberally. It was a type of toilet water, which has 5-15% aromatic compound, but over time, the term became generic for and interchangeable with toilet water. Because cologne came to mean what toilet water originally meant, today most people use toilet water to refer to an even lighter scent, one with only 3-5% aromatics. Toilet water is sometimes thought of as a 'splash' that can be liberally applied after bath or shower.
Another type of perfume is perfume oil. Perfume oils are similar to perfumes, with the exception that the solvent is oil-based rather than alcohol-based. They are preferred by people with dry skin who find the alcohol in most perfumes too drying. Oil-based perfume can be formulated into a solid perfume with the addition of a little melted beeswax, to make a waxy block that can be rubbed on the skin. Solid perfumes are often molded into pillboxes or tiny compacts to fit easily in a handbag for on-the-go applications, but be careful not to leave these in the car on a hot day!
For a selection of all our perfumes, check out our perfumes page.
Authored by Anna T. and can also be found here: http://is.gd/f7DEKN
Sulfur shampoo is a type of shampoo that is often used for the treatment of dandruff and otherscalp conditions that cause flaking. It might also help to relieve itching associated with a flaky scalp. Sulfur tends to be effective for dealing with itchy, flaky scalp problems because it can kill the bacteria that cause these problems. Many dandruff shampoos contain sulfur as an active ingredient, but there are also specialized sulfur shampoos. Not all drug stores carry sulfur shampoo, so a person who is interested in buying it may need to either order it online or check with her local beauty supply store to see if it is in stock.
A person who wants to use sulfur shampoo for the purpose of eliminating dandruff and itchy scalp will probably need to initially use it about three times a week for three weeks until the problems start to subside. After the dandruff and itchiness begin to go away, usage can most likely be limited to just once a week to prevent future scalp problems from occurring. Sulfur shampoo is applied in much the same way as regular shampoo, but directions may vary depending on the manufacturer. Most of these products recommend leaving the product on for about five minutes after they are lathered into the scalp, and then rinsing thoroughly.
Sulfur is considered a natural substance and very rarely causes adverse reactions in people who use it for scalp treatment. People have been using sulfur as a remedy for dandruff and other scalp disorders since roughly the 1930s. It is also considered safe to use on dogs as a form of treatment for mange and other skin conditions. Even though side effects are rare, a person should probably discontinue use of any sulfur products if itching and flaking become worse rather than improve.
If sulfur shampoo is used and no improvement is noticeable after a few weeks, a doctor's visit might be necessary. Some scalp disorders may be serious enough that they do not respond toshampoos containing sulfur, and prescription medication may be needed. These prescription remedies may be in the form of either medicated shampoos or capsules depending on the individual problem. A person may want to try switching sulfur products before consulting a doctor, but it is probably not a good idea to let itchy scalp symptoms persist for too long because the problem may continue to get much worse.
For more on our shampoos, check out our haircare page.
Authored by Sonal Panse and can also be found here: http://is.gd/hUkLcB
A single hair is composed of three layers: the innermost medulla, the middle cortex and the outer cuticle. Damage to any one or all of these layers causes hair damage. Obvious signs of hairdamage are brittle, dry and dull-looking hair. Split ends, tangles and hair loss are common in damaged hair.
So is it possible to repair damaged hair? In truth, damaged hair cannot be repaired. It can be treated with various haircare products or home-made remedies to improve its look, but these measures are only a temporary fix and must be frequently repeated for the effects to last. The only real way to repair damaged hair is by cutting off the damaged parts and letting new growth take place.
However, whether the hair is cut off or any temporary treatments attempted, it is necessary to know what are the causes or reasons of the damage, or else the problem will just persist. Hairdamage can occur from too many chemical treatments, excessive use of hot hair-styling equipment, over-grooming and constant use of hair accessories. Other reasons can include poor diet, medications, drug abuse, and the effects of pollution, dry weather, sun and saltwater.
Once the cause is identified, necessary steps to repair damaged hair can be taken. Trim off split ends and use a moisturizing shampoo or any other specially formulated shampoo for dry hair.Hair moisturizing and deep conditioning are essential for dealing with frizzy hair.
Buy a quality conditioner or use homemade conditioners. There are different recipes using a mix of different ingredients like eggs, mayonnaise, Vitamin E, lemons, ground fenugreek, henna, honey, avocado, banana, hibiscus petals, camphor, cider vinegar, glycerin and oils of olive,coconut, almond, castor, jojoba, lavender, rosemary, sage, and cranberry. Usually, the conditioner is applied to the hair, left on for 15-30 minutes and then rinsed off.
A hot oil treatment may also work. Apply warm oil to hair before bed and wash with mild shampoo the following morning. Clean hair gently, massage scalp and allow to air-dry. Avoid cleaning hair too often, as this strips hair of natural, essential oils and makes it dry and brittle. To avoid hair breakage, don't brush wet hair and don't over-brush.
Go with hair styles that suit the natural hair growth and require little manipulation. Avoid using hair extensions or any hair accessories that can stress the damaged hair. Forgo chemical treatments entirely or at least reduce their frequency. Rather than trying to repair damaged hair at a later stage, it is possible, with adequate hair care, to prevent damage before it happens.
For all your haircare needs, check out our haircare page.
Authored by Nychole Price and can also be found here: http://is.gd/Yo599w
Hair breakage occurs when a strand of hair becomes dry and brittle. A hair strand contains a central canal known as the cortex, which contains water, making it flexible and elastic. Hair can lose its moisture and break off for several reasons, including aging, vitamin deficiency, oxygen deprivation, food intake, hair styling and medication. In most situations, hair breakage can be stopped.
Aging is the primary reason that hair breaks. The cause of hair breaking is the same as the cause of the wrinkles developing; loss of collagen production. Aging, obviously, cannot be prevented, but breakage can be minimized with the use of collagen supplements and hair care products that contain collagen.
Vitamin deficiency is another culprit of hair breakage. In order to keep hair strong and supple, vitamins such as calcium, iron, copper, zinc and iodine are needed in adequate amounts. Hair breakage can be stopped by taking a supplement that contains one hundred percent of the recommended daily allowances of these vitamins. Supplements that contain more than one hundred percent can lead to overdose and should be avoided.
Oxygen is necessary for hair growth. The body can be deprived of oxygen in several ways, including a diet high in saturated fats and trans fatty acids, smoking and exposure to second hand smoke. A high fat diet causes cholesterol build up in the arteries, resulting in loss oxygen making it into the blood stream. Smoking and second hand smoke exposure reduces blood flow causing blood clots which block oxygen. Switching to a low fat diet and avoiding cigarette smoke will increase oxygen content in the blood, therefore stopping hair breakage.
Fatty foods are not the only food type that can causes hair to become brittle though. Other foods include those that contain aspartame and monosodium glutamate. These chemicals are toxic to the body, causing poor blood circulation and direct hair loss. Removing these chemicals from a person's diet can stop hair breakage.
Hair styling is also a large cause of hair breakage. Daily routines such as flat ironing, blow drying and curling can dry out the hair cuticle, causing the hair to break. Other habits that result in breakage include brushing hair while it is wet, pulling it into a tight ponytail, braiding, and using a nylon brush. Avoiding these styling techniques can prevent hair from breaking.
A common side effect of many medications is the breaking of hair. Unfortunately, many of these medications are necessary in treating major medical disorders and may not be able to be avoided. If it is necessary to take medication, a person may only be able to minimize breakage and not stop it. This can be done by using hair products that contain collagen, keeping hair neatly trimmed and seeking the help of a professional stylist who can recommend specific products according to hair type.
For all your haircare needs, check out our haircare page.
NosaCosmetics is an online store that provides cosmetics, fragrances, skincare, and hair care products.
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